In the digital age, cybersecurity faces numerous challenges due to increasing connectivity and reliance on technology. Cybercriminals constantly create new strategies, including ransomware, phishing, and data breaches, posing severe risks to people, businesses, and governments. The attack surface is expanded by the quick uptake of IoT devices and cloud computing, while a lack of a qualified cybersecurity workforce hampers defense measures.
On the other hand, state-sponsored cyber warfare worsens geopolitical tensions and raises ethical questions about balancing privacy concerns with data acquisition for security. Additionally, successful defense requires international cooperation due to cyber threats’ interconnected, global nature.